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A.I. Upscaling in Immersive Media

The integration of artificial intelligence in digital media creation has, undoubtedly, introduced a new era of image and video enhancement. Today’s blog post centers on the NVIDIA AI universe, including the Upscaler TOP, a key operator in TouchDesigner for improving visual quality through AI scaling.

Beyond the confines of TouchDesigner, we will also examine how external AI tools, such as Stable Diffusion, can be leveraged for similar upscaling tasks. Our focus is on practical applications and theoretical possibilities, providing a comprehensive view for professionals in the field of multimedia development.

What is Upscaling?

Upscaling plays a critical role in digital media, especially in image and video processing. It’s a technique used to enhance the resolution of media content. Resolution, defined by the number of pixels in an image or frame, is a key determinant of visual clarity and detail.

In multimedia projects, particularly those involving older or lower-quality source materials, the resolution often presents significant challenges. A video or image that doesn’t meet the required resolution standards can significantly detract from the project’s overall quality. Upscaling, therefore, is not just about increasing resolution; it’s about enhancing the overall visual experience. This is achieved through algorithms that intelligently upscale low-resolution content to higher resolutions, making it suitable for high-quality displays and demanding visual environments.

Why Upscaling is Necessary

The need for upscaling is pronounced with the increasing popularity of high-resolution displays, such as 4K screens. Traditional upscaling methods often result in muted or blurry visuals. This is where AI upscaling, like NVIDIA’s technology, steps in as a game-changer.

Basic vs. AI Upscaling

The difference between basic and AI upscaling is stark. Basic upscaling simply replicates and stretches pixels from a lower resolution, often leading to a loss in quality. AI upscaling, on the other hand, utilizes deep learning models (neural networks) to predict and construct high-resolution images from lower-resolution sources. This method produces sharper, more detailed visuals, enhancing the overall quality far beyond what traditional methods can achieve.

NVIDIA’s AI Arsenal

Before we get to the upscaling possibilities, let’s take a look at NVIDIA’s Maxine Video Effects SDK: a collection of AI-powered tools designed to enhance and transform multimedia content. This SDK stands out in the world of digital media creation for its advanced capabilities in improving video quality and introducing innovative features.

Some of the most notable and popular effects in the Maxine Video Effects SDK include:

  • Maintain Eye Contact: This feature uses AI to adjust the gaze of the speaker in a video to give the impression of maintaining eye contact with the viewer, enhancing engagement and the perception of direct communication.
A.I. Upscaling in Immersive Media
  • Language Translation: It can translate spoken language in real-time, making content accessible to a global audience without the need for manual subtitling.
  • Upscaling: As seen in the NVIDIA Upscaler TOP in TouchDesigner, it enhances video resolution, bringing clarity and detail to lower-quality sources.
A.I. Upscaling in Immersive Media

These are just a few examples of the capabilities of the Maxine Video Effects SDK, showcasing how AI can significantly elevate the quality and functionality of digital media. 

Now, let’s have a look at upscaling possibilities!


The NVIDIA Upscaler TOP in TouchDesigner is an advanced operator that utilizes NVIDIA’s AI upscaling technology from the Maxine Video Effects SDK. This operator is vital for upscaling lower-resolution videos to higher resolutions, significantly enhancing clarity and detail.

The operator can currently run with two filters:

  • Upscale Filter: Provides fast and efficient upscaling with options for sharpening and artifact reduction. It supports various upscaling ratios and allows control over the enhancement strength.
  • Super Resolution Filter: Focuses on enhancing low-resolution videos while maintaining content details and sharpness, suitable for varying video qualities.
A.I. Upscaling in Immersive Media

Key Parameters:

  • Mode: Choose between ‘Upscale’ for quick results and ‘Super Resolution’ for higher quality outputs.
  • Strength: In ‘Upscale’ mode, this parameter lets users adjust the intensity of the upscaling effect.
  • Artifact Reduction: In ‘Super Resolution’ mode, it helps in reducing artifacts in the upscaled image.

This combination of filters and parameters makes the NVIDIA Upscaler TOP a flexible and powerful tool, allowing users to tailor the upscaling process to their specific project needs. It will take some time to experiment and find the appropriate and better-suiting parameter setup, so you better get exploring!

Also, here’s the documentation for the operator:

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They’re designed to be immediately applicable for the complete TouchDesigner beginner, while also providing inspiration for the advanced user.

Upscaling Alternatives

It’s important to explore alternatives to TouchDesigner for upscaling images and videos, there are tools like Stable Diffusion for images and CapCut for videos. In some cases it might be useful to complement our pipeline with external tools and subsequently integrating them into our TouchDesigner projects! Here are some ideas:

Using Stable Diffusion for Image Upscaling

Stable Diffusion offers AI-based upscaling for images. It utilizes deep learning models to enhance image resolution and detail. This method is particularly useful for those looking to upscale images outside of TouchDesigner, offering a different approach to AI-driven upscaling. Here is a how-to guide for this purpose:

CapCut’s AI Video Upscaler

CapCut provides an AI Video Upscaler service, which is an online tool for enhancing video quality. It’s designed to upscale videos to higher resolutions, making it a convenient option for those who prefer a web-based solution for video upscaling tasks. This tool is FREE! Here’s the link:

Wrap Up

As we’ve explored, upscaling is an increasingly important technique in digital media creation. Whether using TouchDesigner’s NVIDIA Upscaler TOP or external tools like Stable Diffusion and CapCut, upscaling offers a way to enhance visual quality and meet the demands of high-resolution displays.

The key is to recognize the potential of these tools and consider them in future projects. Of course, experimentation and exploration is a must! While the technology continues to evolve, staying informed and trying out different methods is crucial for our continuous development in the multimedia universe! Hopefully this blog post has given you some insight and inspired you to try out these tools! Until next time!